Замки мира. Форт. Замки Англии. Старинные замки. Крепость фильм.

Форты и замки

В течение тысячелетий форты и замки были опорными крепостями в оборонительных системах. Наилучшим местом для строительства крепости, как правило, была вершина холма. Это удобная позиция для наблюдения за приближающимся противником, кроме того, на ней легче всего защищаться. Многие средневековые замки до сих пор поражают своим величием и красотой.
Что такое Мейден-Касл?
Это крепость на вершине холма, построенная кельтами, населявшими Британию в эпоху железного века. Более 2000 лет назад кельты жили группами или племенами. Чтобы обороняться, они строили укреплённые поселения на возвышенностях. Мей-Дан, или Мейдн-Касл, в Дорсете был одной из самых крупных крепостей на вершине холма (Mai Dun на кельтском языке означает «большой холм»).

Мейден-Касл

Мейден-Касл был защищён рвами и земляными насыпями.

Кто строил самые неприступные крепости в Британии?
Норманны и следовавшие их традиции короли средневековой Англии. При завоевании Англии в 1066 году норманны строили деревянные замки моте, представлявшие собой ограждённый двор на насыпном холме. Позднее, в Средние века, когда король Англии Эдуард I, правивший с 1272 по 1307 год, завоевал Уэльс, началось строительство грандиозных каменных замков, чтобы держать в повиновении местных жителей. Эпоха замков закончилась с появлением пушек в XV веке.

Замок

Замки Эдуарда I, такие как Конуэй, были крупными оборонительными сооружениями, чудом своего времени.

Чем является Кпак-де-Шевалье?
Неприступной крепостью крестоносцев. В Средние века, во время крестовых походов и религиозных войн, и христиане, и мусульмане строили крепости. Каждая сторона стремилась захватить крепости противника, поэтому они многократно переходили из рук в руки. Лучше всего сохранилась крепость крестоносцев Крак-де-Шевалье. Высокие стены окружают крепость с трёх сторон, а с четвёртой она защищена глубоким рвом с водой. В крепости находился донжон, самая крупная юго-западная башня системы внутренних укреплений. Мусульмане называли крепость горой, так как на неё невозможно было взобраться.

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